12 May 2021 – Updated at
May 10, 2021 at 8:58 am,
Updated May 11, 2021, 9:28 a.m.
Reading time: 5 minutes
They nickname him the « apocalypse glacier ». For the past ten years, scientists have been observing the Thwaites Glacier, a glacial mass in West Antarctica 120 kilometers wide, 600 kilometers long and up to 3 kilometers thick. Because this giant of ice 192,000 km2 (nearly a third of the area of France) threatens to melt and detach from the ice cap. « Thwaites melting speed almost doubled », explains to Reporterre Gaël Durand, researcher on glacier dynamics at the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS). In question: hot water flows circulating in submarine channels at the base of the glacier.
For the first time, a team of researchers from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, observed the underside of the ice giant thanks to an autonomous underwater robot. Their study, published in the journal Science Advances April 9, reveals that the amount of hot water flowing under the glacier is much more than they thought. These currents gradually erode its surface. Scientists had discovered in 2010 the presence of a huge cavity dug by erosion under the glacier. Since then, fourteen billion tonnes of ice have melted. The glacier alone is responsible, according to the study, for 4 % of annual sea level rise.
To understand how currents flowing under the ice mass worked, the team of researchers sent an autonomous underwater robot dubbed « Ran ». The small device made its way under the glacier to measure salinity, oxygen content and water temperature. He also analyzed the strength of the glacier and the topography of the seabed.
Thanks to previous measurements, carried out in 2019, the presence of a network of channels under the glacier was already known. But this is the first time that the readings have been carried out on site, directly from the underside of the glacier. The team of researchers thus succeeded in accurately modeling the heat flows circulating under the ice. In addition to the canals already identified, they discovered a passage of water flow to the east, towards the bay of Pine Island. Until now, scientists believed that this flow was blocked by an underwater ridge.
The underwater robot has finally measured the heat transport in one of the three channels leading the hot water to the Thwaites Glacier from the north. Result: the measured flux value is equivalent to a melting of 75 km3 of ice per year. « The good news is that we are now collecting, for the first time, the data needed to model the dynamics of the Thwaites Glacier, was nevertheless enthusiastic Anna Wåhlin, professor of oceanography at the University of Gothenburg and in charge of the study, in the columns of the Guardian. These data will help us to better calculate the ice melt in the future. With the help of new technologies, we can improve models and reduce the great uncertainty that currently exists around global variations in sea level. »
« Today, climate forcing  disrupts the state of the glacier. But even by reducing this forcing, it can continue to retreat, because it has its own dynamics. The next few years will tell what happens to Thwaites », says Gaël Durand. The results are hardly encouraging. The flow could threaten in the short term the « pin points », the pillars on which the glacier rests. Unstable, the latter could unhook and move away from the earth. The study specifies that its total melting would cause the water level to rise by 65 centimeters and many coastal towns would then be in danger.
Worse yet, its collapse could have spillover effects for other glaciers in the region. « Thwaites and the Pine Island Glacier are the keystone for other glaciers in West Antarctica. They constitute the point of fragility of the area and the place where a potential dismantling of the ice sheet could be initiated. », warns Gaël Durand. The fate of the ice giant and the entire western Atlantic ice cap would be sealed within the next two to five years, as warm water currents could accelerate its melting. In the worst case scenario, that of the melting of the entire West Antarctic Ice Sheet, « a few centuries would suffice to observe a rise in sea level of up to three meters ».
Asthma is a chronic disease that requires regular monitoring. It is important to know it well in order to control it and thus avoid being embarrassed in your daily life.
On the occasion of World Asthma Day, which takes place today, Wednesday May 5, the Asthma and Allergies association wants to educate patients and the general public about the characteristics of this chronic disease. To do this, it publishes a list of the most common misconceptions. “That we must fight” : no, it is not because we do not have a crisis that all is well; no, the symptoms will not go away; no, when you feel better, you should not stop your treatment, etc.
Asthma affects more than 4 million people in France. ” Effective treatments exist and yet a large majority of people with asthma continue to suffer from symptoms that bother them in their daily life because their asthma is not sufficiently controlled ”, notes the association, which adds: “One of the reasons for this poor control of the disease is the lack of adherence to treatments, that is to say the fact of stopping, suspending or not respecting medical prescriptions. “ Asthma and Allergies emphasizes the importance of medical monitoring: “Your asthma must be controlled, that is to say that your symptoms must be rare and above all they must disturb you as little as possible in your daily life: sleep, work or school activities, physical activities, outings, etc.”. To do this, she encourages patients to consult their doctor but also to ask them questions and to share their feelings. She also recalls that even if you feel better, you should not reduce or stop your DMARD without medical advice, because “Asthma is a chronic inflammatory bronchial disease: it will therefore persist for many years or even life”.
#Journeemondialedelasthme #JMA #asthma #asthmaetsport #severe asthma @DorianChx @Sapemar @MaEllaffi @RinnMariePierre @ameli_actu @Sante_Gouv @education_gouv @SchullerMP @LuuLyAPM @SPLF_SocPneumo @PatientsComPaRe @pneumo_sar https://t.co/3TuebZ90qb
– Asthma & Allergies (@AsthmeAllergies) May 4, 2021
Asthma can be a serious or even fatal condition. The issue of compliance is therefore particularly crucial. To raise awareness of this theme, the Gregory Pariente Foundation (GPFD) published a prevention clip on April 29. Entitled The Teen Who Wasn’t Listening To His Asthma, it is inspired by the true story of young Grégory, 14, who died of an asthma attack while his father was taking him to the emergency room. The objective of this shocking video is to challenge adolescents with asthma on the risks they run if they do not take their medication. In this population, three quarters of deaths are in fact due to poor monitoring of treatment. Therapeutic education is the key to improving these statistics. Medical teams and associations regularly offer courses to young people and their families and remind people that the right thing to do is to always have your emergency kit with you.
Vienna (OTS) – In its study on “new genetic engineering processes” published on Thursday, the Commission came to the conclusion that the currently valid EU genetic engineering legislation is not fit for the future. In the study, the Commission sets the course for a watering down of the previous, strict EU genetic engineering regulation. With this, the agricultural and biotech lobby with its wish for a deregulation of the hitherto strict and for the consumers very good regulation has prevailed.
With the study, the Commission wants to start a process for a new legal framework for genetic engineering. These include, on the one hand, a relaxation of the labeling requirement for genetically modified products (GMOs) and a relaxation of the safety checks. The AK takes a very critical view of this project “For the consumers, the great good of freedom of choice is at risk. The current valid risk assessment for GMOs is intended to protect consumers from possible risks. Loosening up is a dangerous game, ”says Iris Stutzmann, genetic engineering expert at the AK.
Existing EU genetic engineering law does not need any liberalization
The existing EU genetic engineering law serves to protect human health and the environment. It gives consumers the right to freedom of choice when shopping for food, because GMOs must be clearly labeled as such. “This right must not be jeopardized in any way. In the future, too, strict rules and clear labeling will be required for all genetically modified products, including those of the new genetic engineering processes, ”says Iris Strutzmann.
Hardly any studies on new processes
So far, there have been few studies of the new genetic engineering processes with regard to their risks to health and the environment. “With this in mind, it is now not a good time to think about easing security checks,” said the AK expert.
National solidarity required for new genetic engineering
The previous alliance in genetic engineering must continue to be represented by political decision-makers at Brussels level in the future. Foods that are produced with the help of genetic engineering such as the gene scissors CRISPR / Cas may not be approved without labeling and without risk assessment. Consumers want to know what they are eating and whether genetic engineering is used in their food. “The move by the commission also endangers the entire GMO-free food production and organic farming,” said the AK expert.
Demands of the AK
That is why the AK demands, on the one hand, the freedom of choice for consumers: food and feed that are manufactured using new genetic engineering methods must be labeled as genetically modified products in order to ensure the freedom of choice for consumers.
And on the other hand, compliance with the precautionary principle also for products from the new genetic engineering: before a market approval, food and feed must be checked for risks to human health and the environment
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NEW YORK AND NEW DELHI, Jan. – The industry giants presented groundbreaking technologies with five times less impact on the climate than conventional air conditioning systems and plan to bring them to market by 2025.
A global coalition spurred on by the Government of India, Mission Innovation and the Rocky Mountain Institute today announced the winners of the Global Cooling Prize, an international competition to develop super-efficient and climate-friendly solutions for cooling homes. Gree Electric Appliances, Inc. from Zhuhai with partner Tsinghua University; and Daikin with partner Nikken Sekkei Ltd. emerged as the two winners from among eight finalists after breaking the performance limit. The prototypes made by the companies have five times (5X) less climate impact than traditional air conditioners available on the market today. If they were scaled up, such technologies could prevent a cumulative 132 GT emissions of CO2 equivalents by 2050 and reduce global warming by more than 0.5 ° C by the end of the century.
Sir Richard Branson, founder of the Virgin Group, congratulated the winners of the competition, saying: “An opportunity to transform the refrigeration market is now a reality. Now that this incredible achievement has been recognized and acclaimed, lawmakers must create guidelines and standards to help us bring these technologies to market.”
The eight teams of finalists were led by some of the world’s largest air conditioning manufacturers and promising startups from India, China, Japan, the United States and the United Kingdom.
Jules Kortenhorst, Chief Executive Officer of the RMI, emphasized that the success of the initiative rests on the collaboration between governments, industry and civil society organizations. “Let us usher in a new era of collaboration in this critical decade to drive innovation and the discovery of workable solutions in the other sectors that have yet to migrate to low-carbon, efficient and clean technologies.”
The finalists, who together produce well over 20% of the world’s indoor air conditioning units for residential buildings, want to introduce the innovation to the market within the next few years. Gree Electric Appliances, Inc. of Zhuhai, one of the award winners, and Qingdao Haier Air Conditioner Gen Corp. Ltd, a partner of finalist Transaera Inc., have announced their intention to participate in the COP26 Race to Zero Breakthrough for the refrigeration sector.
The winners will share the US $ 1 million prize pool equally.
Alexandra Chin, 973-262-0002, firstname.lastname@example.org
Video – mma.prnewswire.com/media/1499870/Video.mp4
China has launched the first module of its space station called ‘Tiangong’ or ‘Heavenly Palace’ and according to the plans of the Chinese space agency CNSA, it should be operational by 2022. The goal is to lay the foundations for a human presence permanent in space, following in the footsteps of what the partners of the International Space Station have done, namely the United States, Russia, Europe, Japan and Canada.
The newly launched module is called ‘Tianhe’ and houses support equipment and provides an environment in which astronauts can live and work. It was launched from Wenchang, Hainan province, on the Long March 5B rocket, according to the images of the state television CCTV. President Xi Jinping remarked that the station is strategic for the “building of a great nation of science and technology”.
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The Portuguese Environment Agency (APA) clarified this Wednesday that the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedure for the lithium mining project in Montalegre, granted to Lusorecursos Portugal Lithium, is “suspended” “.
“The Evaluation Committee identified a set of gaps and inconsistencies, not only in terms of the Environmental Impact Study (EIA) but also in terms of the project itself, which did not allow the EIA procedure to continue,” APA said in writing to the Lusa agency.
APA clarified that it communicated this information to the bidder in January, when it opened a 10-day period for the hearing of interested parties, after which the company requested an extension of that period “until August 13”, which was authorized, “so the EIA procedure is suspended “.
After a request for clarification on the “Concession for Exploration of Lithium Mineral Deposits and Associated Minerals – Romano”, in the municipality of Montalegre, Vila Real district, APA stated that the EIA procedure started on December 14th.
The Agency explained that, as an EIA authority, it appointed its Evaluation Committee and that the EIA procedure started with the analysis of the compliance of the respective EIA.
“This phase of the procedure aims to assess whether the said study contains all the information necessary for the environmental assessment of the project or whether, on the contrary, it is necessary to present additional elements”, he explained.
In this context, the Evaluation Committee “identified a set of gaps and inconsistencies, not only at the level of the EIA but also at the level of the project itself, which did not allow the EIA procedure to continue.
In this sense, APA communicated this pronunciation to the proponent on January 26, having proceeded on that date to open a period of 10 working days for the hearing of interested parties.
“The proponent subsequently requested an extension of that period until August 13, 2021. This extension was granted by APA, so the EIA procedure in question is suspended”, stressed the Portuguese Environment Agency.
The Evaluation Committee includes, in addition to representatives of the APA, representatives of the Directorate-General for Energy and Geology, the Directorate-General for Cultural Heritage, the Commission for the Coordination and Regional Development of the North, the Institute for the Conservation of Nature and Forests, the National Authority for Emergency and Civil Protection, the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto, the Higher Institute of Agronomy and the Regional Health Administration of the North.
Regarding the news released today and through which the Minister of Environment and Climate Action, Matos Fernandes, pointed to the cancellation of the controversial lithium mining project in Montalegre, APA said that “references made to the license for this project do not correspond to any title or decision issued or to be issued by the Portuguese Environment Agency but to specific licenses for the activity, under the responsibility of the Directorate-General for Energy and Geology “.
The lithium exploration concession contract in the municipality of Montalegre was signed in March 2019, between the Government and Lusorecursos Portugal Lithium, and has been involved in controversy.
The company has said that the exploration of the lithium mine in Morgade will be mixed, taking place first in the open and then underground, and foresees the construction of an industrial unit for processing the ore.
In Montalegre, the population, namely from the Morgade, Rebordelo and Carvalhais villages, are opposed to the project, listing concerns regarding the size of the mine and environmental consequences for health and agriculture.
Opponents of the mine have also warned of the incompatibility between World Agricultural Heritage, a distinction attributed to Montalegre and Boticas in 2018, by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the Romano mine (Sepeda).
Photo: Sergey Konkov
Photo: Sergey Konkov
29 July 2020, 09:29
This LLC owns the General Motors enterprise in Shushary, which was mothballed by the American concern in 2015. Hyundai Motor Manufacturing Rus (HMMR) DP confirmed that GM and Hyundai Motor are “at the stage of discussing a deal to buy a GM plant in St. Petersburg.” The company declined to comment further.
The Korean concern already owns its own plant in St. Petersburg, where it manufactures Hyundai Solaris, Hyundai Creta, KIA Rio and KIA Rio X – Line models. In June, next to it, the construction of another enterprise began – for the production of Hyundai WIA engines. The volume of investments in the project is estimated at 13.1 billion rubles.
The murder trial against a well-known historian and Napoleon expert begins in Russia. Oleg Sokolow admitted to killing and dismembering his girlfriend.
Oleg Sokolow, who used to reenact battles and camps in Russia, dressed as Napoleon Bonaparte, kicked the prosecutor’s glasses and mouthguard this Tuesday. In addition to him, only lawyers and guards were waiting for the judge in the hall, the coronavirus in St. Petersburg continues to restrict public life.
Sokolow, 63 years old, has been in custody since November. The well-known historian, formerly a lecturer at the University of St. Petersburg, a sought-after Napoleon expert, is charged with murder and illegal possession of weapons. From the dock he steps closer to the glass, pulls a comb out of his pocket and tidies his hair before he starts. Cameras broadcast everything live on the Internet.
Sokolow confessed to having killed his lover. Anastassija Yeshchenko was 39 years younger than him, had attended his lectures, assisted him later, and eventually moved in with him. Last November he shot her in his apartment at night after an argument. He pulled the trigger four times, reloading the old, sawn-off hunting rifle again and again. He hid the body for a day. Then he dismembered them and threw them in plastic bags near the apartment in the river.
Surveillance cameras filmed him there. He threw the victim’s severed hands in a backpack into the Moika, presumably he didn’t want to sink. Because a piece down the river, where a staircase leads down to the water, Sokolow himself fell into the river. When the ambulance rescued him, he had his backpack and severed hands with him.
The first court session on Tuesday was brief. This time, a new defense lawyer Sokolows delayed the process: he still had to look at evidence, pictures from surveillance cameras, recordings of telephone calls, the victim’s laptop. The laptop is particularly important, said Sokolow behind the glass wall. The judge rescheduled the session to next week.
The act not only shook Saint Petersburg. Oleg Sokolov was known as a historian beyond Russia’s borders and had been awarded the Order of the French Legion of Honor for his scientific achievements. Anastassija Yeschchenko accompanied him on costume balls and went on vacation to France with him.
Shortly after his arrest, he was shown video recordings in front of the examining judge, when he was crying loudly. He thought Yeshchenko was the perfect woman, then she “turned into a monster”. That evening she got angry because he wanted to spend time with his daughters. Sokolow has been married three times.
The brother of the dead also told of an argument in several interviews, his version differs from that of the professor: his sister wanted to go to a birthday party, the jealous Sokolow did not want to allow it, had become aggressive. Anastassija Yeshchenko called the brother crying from the street. She wanted to move out, just get her things out of the apartment. The next day, he couldn’t reach her.
A former victim of Sokolov, also a former student and lover, describes a similar pattern. He had also called her “Monster” when she wanted to leave him, tied her up, hit her, and threatened her with a hot iron. She reported him to the police in 2008, but that didn’t work. Now she describes her case anonymously in a TV documentary, how he wanted to control her, what clothes she was wearing, who she met.
At the University of Saint Petersburg, the current graduation year has now published a letter to the university management in which they denounce sexism, harassment and abuse at the university. You also deal with the Sokolow case, whose relationships with female students had been known for a long time. But nothing was done.
HOther cracks run through the paint layer on the frayed canvas like the finest cobwebs. And yet this pearl earring shimmers, sparkles and shines like new. Painted over 355 years ago by the master of light, the Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer.
With exactly three brushstrokes of white oil paint placed on a dark primer: one at the bottom of the pearl, one drop-shaped at the top, a swab next to it to reflect the light. It is his most famous painting: “The girl with the pearl earring”. A baroque blockbuster.
You can never get closer to this masterpiece and its genius than in the virtual museum: it is digitized in high resolution, with more than seven million pixels, so that you can also see the brushwork and patina on the screen.
Zoom in on what is otherwise hidden from the naked eye. Touch. Read the curator’s clever comments – and visit the painting where it hangs: a virtual 3-D tour of the exhibition space in The Hague Mauritshuis Museum.
Relax from your sofa, with your smartphone, tablet or computer. An exclusive visit: as long as you want, as close as you want, when you want, and for free.
Today Johannes Vermeer (1632–1675) is something like the first virtual superstar among the artists – and thus a prime example of a completely digitized work show. From the “girl with the pearl earring” to the “maid with the milk jug”, all of his 36 surviving paintings are online.
This virtual tour was made possible a few years ago by the collaboration of 18 museums and private collections around the world with the Google Arts & Culture internet project. Since the Vermeer originals are fragile and precious, they have not been allowed to go to traveling exhibitions for a long time – even in their home locations, they can only be viewed at a proper distance, if at all (artsandculture.newsylist.com/project/vermeer).
Only now, in Corona times, when all museums are closed for the time being, does it become clear that online museums with interactive exhibition spaces are also worth a trip for those who otherwise prefer the original. The virtual tour does not replace a real visit, but it is an exciting alternative.
Since Corona, the Google Group’s art project has recorded enormous access rates – and has put new digitized museums and vernissages online every day. In the meantime, more than 2500 worldwide museums and galleries with more than 100,000 works of art for virtual travel are online via this platform; the same digital technology is used that is used in Google Maps.
Even though many museums are cooperating with Google Arts for cost reasons, more and more of them are beginning to digitize their treasures themselves out of necessity or to accompany their curators via YouTube video with their work behind the scenes.
We have put together a selection of the best virtual tours in foreign museums, from Paris to New York.
The former Gare d’Orsay station on the south bank of the Seine is home to the largest impressionist collection in the world. On 16,000 square meters, more than 4,000 exhibits from the period between 1848 and 1914 are shown.
The virtual tour leads through the empty halls, past marble sculptures and the famous station clock from 1900, to selected works – such as van Gogh’s “Self-Portrait”. The museum offers a lot of YouTube videos about special exhibitions (such as Degas), 900 work shows. You can spend hours here! (musee-orsay.fr and artsandculture.newsylist.com).
The Louvre, the third largest museum in the world, also has several virtual tours, for example through the Small Gallery (Rembrandt, Tintoretto), the Egyptian Pharaohs Collection and the Apollo Gallery with works by Delacroix. Only the “Mona Lisa” is guarded – and remains hidden from virtual visitors (louvre.fr/en/visites-en-ligne).
The Albertina’s collections include one million works from the 15th to the 21st centuries. They are housed in the Archduke Albrecht Palace, the residence of the Habsburgs. Master drawings – from Michelangelo’s male files to Albrecht Dürer’s “brown hare” – can be experienced virtually here (sammlungenonline.albertina.at).
New: some paintings are animated, for example by Chagall and Matisse, and can be viewed with augmented reality using an app: simply hold your smartphone in the picture (artivive.com/albertina-de).
The British Museum in the heart of London allows you to virtually visit the Great Court, the ancient Rosetta Stone and the Egyptian mummies. A great street view visit thanks to the close Google cooperation (artsandculture.newsylist.com/streetview/british-museum).
The National Gallery collection is also online, offering classics such as Paul Cézanne, Jan van Eyck, Hans Holbein, Rembrandt and William Turner, one of the most important English romantic painters (nationalgallery.org.uk and via artsandculture.newsylist.com).
The Medici family’s treasury houses one of the oldest art collections in the world. Since 1580, the Uffizi Gallery has impressed with works of painting and sculpture from antiquity to late baroque.
Spread over 50 halls, you can find paintings from the 13th to 18th centuries, including classics by Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Botticelli, Tizian or Caravaggio. The museum virtually offers its own highlights: uffizi.it/en/online-exhibitions.
The best-known works from the Rijksmuseum collection include “Die Nachtwache” by Rembrandt or Vermeer’s “Maid with milk jug”. Visitors stroll virtually on a street view tour through the entrance hall and rooms (rijksmuseum.nl and via artsandculture.newsylist.com).
The most famous museum in Russia is also one of the largest in the world. It houses more than three million exhibits, sculptures, archaeological treasures, including 17,000 paintings, including those by Picasso, Leonardo and Rubens.
It is usually so crowded that you only see visitors instead of works of art. The virtual exclusive tour actually leads through the buildings and empty galleries – once alone in the Hermitage with tsar gold and tsar diamonds. Great! (hermitagemuseum.org).
Here visitors can climb the iconic spiral staircase, also called snail, click for click instead of step by step. In the Guggenheim Museum you can discover works of art from the epochs of Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Modernity and the Present. Public favorites are works by Wassily Kandinsky, Robert Delaunay, Fernand Léger (guggenheim.org).
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) has a sensational online magazine; 84,000 artworks are shown (moma.org).
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