“More than 1.2 million people will be unemployed in 2021”, warns the CFDT

Prime Minister Jean Castex receives unions and employers on Monday for a “social dialogue conference”, the second of its kind since July 17. At the time, the new minister had succeeded in containing the unions by agreeing, in this context of the Covid-19 crisis, to drop ballast on the calendar on the controversial reforms of pensions and unemployment insurance. But there will undoubtedly be a little tension at Matignon.

Since 9 o’clock this morning, it is a question of making “a progress report” on the first projects launched at the Ministry of Labor, in particular those in response to the crisis, such as the follow-up of the youth plan, professional retraining or jobs in tension. For Marylise Léon, deputy secretary of the CFDT, the priority is not to save money with the reform of unemployment insurance, postponed to January 1, but to open systems that allow employees to go from professional sector to another.

Can unemployment insurance reform be postponed again?

MARYLISE LÉON. The subject is at the heart of the discussions this morning. Even if it seems ready to make some adjustments, the government suggests that it does not intend to give up or postpone this reform, despite the particular context linked to the health crisis. We asked for test cases to measure the concrete consequences of the reform for the unemployed. According to Unédic’s latest projections, more than 1.2 million people will be unemployed in 2021. If the reform is implemented as planned, this represents savings of 1.5 billion euros. , and therefore reduction in rights in 2021, and 2.66 billion euros less for the unemployed in 2022. In terms of the economy, therefore reduction in rights, we are in orders of magnitude that we have never known.

What can these adjustments be?

There are discussions, and it is too early to tell, but basically, we are not at all in phase with the government, which considers this a good reform. He considers that earning less when you are unemployed encourages people to find a job. This is to consider that a large part of job seekers choose to be unemployed. In the context where there is less work than before, this is insane.

Some companies are emphasizing professional retraining. Is it a subject of work?

Yes, there have been exchanges for several weeks, but there are still many holes in the racket. The devices are not developed and very little funded. The money comes mainly from companies whose employees are leaving. In fact, applications are rarely granted since the latter are reluctant to finance training for departing employees. We are therefore asking for collective training, because many companies will not be able to withstand the shock.

Is the case of frontline workers during the crisis on the agenda?

This is a subject that we want to reactivate this morning. There are caregivers, but also employees in the field of safety, cleanliness and food trade. People who have never stopped working and who rightly ask for recognition. The security guards, maintenance workers, cashiers, workers in the food industry, all those who have been told, “without you, France would not have held on”, and for whom nothing has happened for six month.

Corona in Europe: The driven continent (neue-deutschland.de)

Photo: Marius Becker / dpa

Sharp, sharper, sharpest – the reactions to the skyrocketing Covid 19 infection numbers and / or calls for such are increasingly in an escalation spiral in Europe. More and more governments feel compelled to initiate further anti-corona measures in order to bring the infection rate back under control in their countries.

At the weekend, the Federal Republic of Germany also broke the threshold of 10,000 deaths in connection with Covid 19 disease: on Sunday the Robert Koch Institute reported 10 032 cases, after the number had already reached five figures on Saturday with 10 003 cases. There was a new high of 14,714 reported cases on Saturday for new infections within 24 hours. On Sunday it was significantly fewer with 11,176, but not all figures from the health authorities are available on this day.

In response to this development, Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) once again called in her video podcast to exercise caution. “The order of the day for all of us is: reduce contacts, meet far fewer people,” said Merkel. “The comparatively relaxed summer is over, now we are facing difficult months.” Everyone should significantly reduce encounters outside of their own family for a while, explained the Chancellor.

Demand for new measures

In addition to this appeal to the population’s personal responsibility, there were also calls for stricter anti-corona measures in view of the continuously increasing numbers. For example, Mecklenburg-West Pomerania’s Prime Minister Manuela Schwesig (SPD) warned to quickly consider sharper countermeasures. Schwesig told the newspaper “Bild” that the prime ministers should discuss “whether further steps are necessary” at their next regular conference scheduled for Friday. Compared to “Bild am Sonntag”, SPD health expert Karl Lauterbach said: “If we fail to limit personal contacts in the next two to three weeks, the numbers will have risen so much in a few weeks that we will only have one Another lockdown remains. “

Curfews and closings

While Germany is currently warning against such a lockdown, it has been in effect again for some time in Ireland and the Czech Republic. In Spain, the government imposed the so-called state of alert on Sunday, the third highest level of emergency in the country. This is initially valid for two weeks, an extension would then have to be approved by Parliament. This is what Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez is also hoping for, who with the support of the opposition would like to extend the state of emergency until May 9th. “Spain is in an extreme situation,” said Sánchez.

In Spain, the government is only allowed to restrict freedom of movement under the condition of an emergency, in the current case by means of a night curfew between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. The only exception to this is the Canary Islands, where the number of infections could last be contained. In addition to the curfew, gatherings of more than six people who do not live in the same household are prohibited.

Belgium, which is currently being hit particularly hard by the pandemic, introduced further restrictions on Friday. For example, all amusement parks must initially close for four weeks and a maximum of 40 people can take part in cultural, religious or other events inside, as long as the Corona rules are observed. A night curfew has been ordered, as well as the closure of pubs and restaurants. Working at home instead of in the office is compulsory where possible. In France, parliament voted on Saturday to extend the health emergency to February 16, with the final vote scheduled for early November. The health emergency enables the government, for example, to quickly implement measures such as curfews.

In Italy, cinemas, theaters, gyms, baths, ski resorts and concert halls must close from Monday to November 24, and restaurants and bars must close at 6 p.m. In Austria, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Denmark and Wales, among others, there are further tightening of anti-corona measures. With agencies


Hamilton magnifies his legend

The British Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes) won the unprecedented Portuguese Grand Prix yesterday in Portimao and becomes, with his 92nd victory, the most lauded driver in the history of Formula 1, thus overcoming the German Michael Schumacher, while Spaniard Carlos Sainz (McLaren), who came to lead the race in the first laps, finished sixth.

With his eighth victory of the year, ahead of the Finn Valtteri Bottas (Mercedes) and the Dutchman Max Verstappen (Red Bull), Hamilton took a step further in the Olympus of the so-called Great Circus and is since yesterday the driver with the most victories in history (92), after matching two weeks ago the 91 of the legendary Michael Schumacher at the Eifel Grand Prix. In addition, it is inexorably approaching its seventh world title, with which it would also equal the Kaiser.

With five races to go in the championship, the Briton consolidates at the top of the standings with 256 points, 76 more than Bottas (179), second yesterday in Portimao, and 93 more than Verstappen (162), who completed the podium. Carlos Sainz, meanwhile, starred in a spectacular start and went on to lead the race for four laps in the opening stretch, although he was finally sixth after beating Mexican Sergio Perez (Racing Point) in the final lap.

In Portimao, on Portugal’s return to Formula 1 after the last Grand Prix was held in Estoril in 1996, the drivers jumped on the track looking at the sky, where the rain was threatening. However, it was the new asphalt, very slippery, that revolutionized the exit. And is that the poleman Hamilton was overtaken by Bottas once the traffic lights were turned off, while Mexican Sergio Pérez after touching Dutchman Max Verstappen (Red Bull), said goodbye with a ferrule on the first lap and Monegasque Charles Leclerc (Ferrari) lost seats.

The big surprise jumped, however, shortly after, with the arrival of the first drops. Sainz, who started seventh on the clean side of the track, won positions in the first corners, benefiting from the Verstappen incident and the poor start of the reigning champion. At a fast lap, he stood at the height of Bottas, whom he managed to advance to become the leader of the race. A dazzling start that crowned a dream of which he would wake up on the sixth lap, when the Finn managed to warm up his middle tires and return the pass. Hamilton also overtook the Madrid man a little later, who lost reliability as the threat of rain disappeared. On lap 12, he was already fifth.

For his part, the Briton, in search of his 92nd victory, made use of the DRS to beat, in lap 20, his teammate, who barely resisted and who in just a few curves was one second behind the world hex champion. Nor did the change of tires on lap 40 slow down Hamilton, who fast lap after fast lap bolstered his lead.

The next appointment will be next weekend in Imola, the Emilia-Romagna Grand Prix.


Parity law in Brandenburg overturned: Parité ade

In Brandenburg, the electoral lists should be gender quoted in future. Now the Constitutional Court has overturned the law.

The “Occident” now saved? Plenary Hall of the Brandenburg State Parliament, Potsdam in February 2020 Foto: Christian Spicker/imago

POTSDAM taz | The parity law of the state of Brandenburg is unconstitutional. The law required an equal number of men and women to stand on election lists. The Brandenburg Constitutional Court now saw this as a violation of party rights and electoral principles. Such a law would only be possible after a constitutional amendment.

The Brandenburg state parliament passed the first German parity law in February 2019. After that, men and women had to be placed alternately on the election lists for the state elections using the zip method. People of the third gender were free to decide whether they wanted to run for a male or a female stand.

The Brandenburg state associations of NPD, AfD and pirates as well as four AfD members sued the law. The organ complaint of the NPD and the constitutional complaints of the AfD members were successful. In contrast, the AfD organ charge was inadmissible because it was too late. A decision will be made later on the pirates’ organ charge.

In the opinion of the Brandenburg constitutional judges, the parity law violates the Brandenburg state constitution several times and is therefore void. The judges saw rights of the parties, but also of the voters, violated.

NPD and AfD members sue successfully

“It is the essence of the principle of democracy that the formation of will in the state runs from bottom to top,” said Markus Möller, President of the Constitutional Court, when the judgment was pronounced in Potsdam. It contradicts this if the state gives the parties binding guidelines for filling the electoral lists.

It is also a question of political orientation whether a party has equal numbers of men and women on its lists, according to Möller. If all parties have to run with quota lists, that blurs the differences between the parties.

According to the judges, the parity law also discriminates against parties with a low proportion of women. Only 12.3 percent of the NPD members in Brandenburg are female. The NPD might have to propose candidates they are not at all convinced of. Or she might not put men she thinks fit on the voting list because too few women want to run.

According to the judges, the parity law is also an encroachment on the rights of citizens who want to run for candidates on state lists of the parties. Because of the zipper principle, candidacies are only possible in every second place on the list. This also restricts the opportunities for women, said Richter Möller. Men and women are also disadvantaged compared to people of the third sex, because they can run for any place.

The law interferes with the rights of citizens

It is undisputed that there could be such consequences for parties and citizens. The decisive question for the constitutional judges, however, was whether these interventions can be constitutionally justified. And here the answer of the judges was very clear: No.

The Brandenburg state constitution states that the state is obliged to ensure “equality between women and men” – including “in public life”. However, this determination of the state objective is not sufficient to justify fundamental changes in the electoral law. Such “modifications” of the principle of democracy would have to be made by changing the state constitution, according to the judges.

The verdict of the nine constitutional judges was unanimous. That means that the writer Juli Zeh and the director Andreas Dresen, who are members of the court, also voted for the unconstitutionality of the law.

Thus, the Brandenburg judgment is an even bigger setback for proponents of parity laws than the judgment of the State Constitutional Court in Thuringia in July, which declared the parity law there unconstitutional for similar reasons. There, however, three of the nine judges voted against it and thus gave a minority vote.

Only 32 percent women in the Brandenburg state parliament

The Brandenburg Parity Law now expires without any application. A constitutional amendment that would allow a new parity law to be passed is currently hopeless. The SPD, the Left and the Greens together have only 45 out of 88 seats in the state parliament, so they are far from the required two-thirds majority.

The proportion of women in the Potsdam state parliament is currently 32 percent. However, the parity law would not have raised him to 50 percent in the next election, because only half of the mandates are awarded via electoral lists. The parity law would have had no effect on the direct mandates awarded in the constituencies.

The Bundestag is not bound by the rulings of the state constitutional courts. He could therefore make a new attempt with suitable majorities and hope that the Federal Constitutional Court would reject any lawsuits. But nobody should invest too much hope on this either. In the last time the former left constitutional judge Gertrude Lübbe-Wolff spoke out vehemently against parity laws.

A constitutional complaint from 15 women and 5 men from Thuringia is already pending at the Federal Constitutional Court. The lawsuit, coordinated by the Thuringian State Women’s Council, is against the judgment of the Thuringian Constitutional Court. Here the Karlsruhe judges could already make it clear how they feel about parity laws.


Koeman: Less VAR and more football

Seeing the lineup before the classic put you in a good mood. At last a coach stopped doing politics and tidied up the locker room a bit: whoever is about to play, plays. And who doesn’t, on the bench. A good mood that turned into rage in the end. Not just for losing, but for the summary that the coach made.


World Stuttering Day – Health First

Published on : Modified :

On the occasion of World Stuttering Day, we take stock of this communication disorder. It is characterized by interruption, repetition or hesitation during the utterance. This fluency abnormality can appear at any time in a person’s life, although it mainly occurs in childhood, and more commonly in boys.

How and at what age is stuttering most common? How is this communication disorder explained? What treatments, what types of support exist?

  • Isabelle Lecron-Miossec, speech therapist in Paris. Regional delegate of stuttering speech association and teacher at the speech therapy school

  • Faysal Hamzah, speech therapist at the CHU Campus in Lomé, Togo

  • Thomas Lefevre, 30 years old, a former stutterer patient, he works in marketing and sales.

► To go further: Helping your child to speak and communicate (50 cards against stammering and stammering), Véronique Aumont Boucand and Elisabeth vincent, published by De Boeck Supérieur.


Coronavirus: Italy tightens restrictions after increase in cases

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte on Sunday tightened restrictions against the coronavirus, after the publication of record numbers of new infections, despite opposition from region governors and protests against the curfew. Cinemas, theaters, gyms and swimming pools will have to close from Monday until November 24 under these new restrictions, while bars and restaurants will have to stop serving after 6 p.m., the Prime Minister’s services said. Some 20,000 new cases of coronavirus have been recorded in the last 24 hours in Italy, according to the count announced by the authorities on Saturday, a national record. In total, more than 500,000 cases of infection and 37,000 deaths have been recorded in the first European country to be hit hard by the pandemic.

“Semi-confinement for a month”, proclaimed the daily Republic, pointing out that Giuseppe Conte had not put much effort into appeasing the governors of the regions, who advocated less drastic measures to save businesses hard hit by the spring lockdown. Schools and kindergartens will remain open, however, with 75% of classes in high schools and universities being held online. The population was called upon to avoid public transport and travel outside the communities as much as possible.

Clashes between security forces and demonstrators

The new measures were announced hours after a demonstration by dozens of far-right supporters protesting the curfew, who clashed with riot law enforcement overnight from Saturday to Sunday in central Rome. Some 200 masked activists belonging to the neofascist group Forza Nuova threw projectiles at the police and set fire to garbage cans. In Naples (south), incidents had already broken out the night before, when young people opposing the curfew had confronted the police. These incidents follow the decisions taken this week to impose a curfew in three regions: those of Rome (Lazio), Milan (Lombardy) and Naples (Campania).

Read also Italy: in Campania, the return of confinement

But region governors have warned that shutting down businesses will exacerbate social tensions as the spring lockdown plunged Italy into its worst post-war economic recession. The governor of the region of Friuli Venezia Giulia (northeast), Massimiliano Fedriga, appealed to the Prime Minister, warning that “social tensions are growing and the risks are worsening if we do not adopt fair measures and reasonable ”.

Read also Second wave of Covid: how are other European countries doing?

Governing Council meeting on Thursday: will the central bank step up?

ECB headquarters in Frankfurt

Next Thursday the central bank will discuss its further monetary policy course.

(Foto: Bloomberg)

Frankfurt The crisis never ends: the coronavirus is breaking through with power in a second wave all over Europe. Economists are again lowering their growth forecasts.

The more severe the crisis, the greater are the expectations of Christine Lagarde, President of the European Central Bank (ECB). On Thursday, Lagarde and her colleagues in the Governing Council will be discussing further injections of money to keep Europe’s economy alive.

Experts speculate that the ECB’s emergency program, which has already included bond purchases of 1.35 trillion euros, needs to be expanded – even if most do not assume that the central bank will act now. “We expect the ECB to decide to increase its purchase program as early as December,” says Commerzbank chief economist Jörg Krämer.

Many experts expect a clear signal in this direction this week. This could increase tensions in the Council. Bundesbank President Jens Weidmann, for example, recently warned that the emergency program should not become permanent.

After her September press conference, Christine Lagarde had to take some criticism. Quite a few experts wanted the President of the European Central Bank (ECB) to send a clearer signal in favor of a further easing of monetary policy – which she, however, decided against.

Economic prospects continue to gloom

In the meantime, the economic outlook has deteriorated further. Inflation in the euro area has fallen to minus 0.3 percent and is thus even further removed from the ECB’s target of just under two percent. Core inflation, adjusted for particularly volatile food and energy prices, fell to a record low of 0.2 percent.


Carsten Brzeski, chief economist of the Dutch bank ING in Germany, also judges: “The ECB could pave the way for another stimulus in December.” Oliver Rakau, economist at Oxford Economics, also expects Lagarde to be more open to further easing monetary policy will show.

Most recently, ECB chief economist Philip Lane complained about low inflation in an interview with the Wall Street Journal. According to the ECB’s own forecasts, this is likely to be only 1.3 percent in 2022. Lane said the Governing Council will soon reassess the situation as part of the current uncertainty “will be resolved this fall”. In his view, important factors are fiscal support for the economy, the price of oil, the exchange rate and, above all, the pandemic.

Impending double slump in the economy

The Italian ECB director Fabio Panetta has spoken out particularly clearly in favor of further monetary policy steps. He took the position that the risk of an excessively large additional stimulus was lower than the dangers of a too weak reaction. In view of the increasing number of corona infections in many euro countries, he emphasized that this would weaken growth and that longer support for the economy was necessary.


ING economist Brzeski also assumes that further lockdown measures will dampen growth in the fourth quarter. So far these have mainly extended to the service and leisure sector. However, it cannot be ruled out that measures similar to those in spring will have to be taken. In this case, there is a threat of a double slump in the euro area economy.

The ECB’s main tool for responding to renewed economic weakness is its bond purchase program PEPP. She decided to do this in March as a temporary measure in the corona crisis. The declared aim is to stabilize the markets and prevent inflation from slipping. Originally, a purchase volume of 750 billion euros was planned. But in June the ECB increased it to 1.35 trillion euros and extended the term until at least mid-2021.

Economists’ expectations diverge

Proponents of loose monetary policy argue that it is important to have room to maneuver and take preventive action in order to calm the markets. So far, only 567 billion euros of the planned volume had been exhausted by the end of September.

Oxford Economics expert Rakau therefore does not expect the ECB to act as early as October. He does not forecast an expansion of another 250 billion euros until December. Other economists even expect an increase of 500 billion euros.

In addition to this new bond purchase program, an older program with the acronym PSPP to purchase bonds for EUR 20 billion per month will run until at least the end of the year. In addition, this older program allows the ECB to flexibly distribute additional purchases of 120 billion euros over time.


In the older program, the ECB was strongly committed to certain principles, such as the requirement that purchases should be based on its capital key, which is based on the size of the population and the economic strength of the euro countries. In addition, it is not allowed to buy more than a third of a country’s outstanding bonds here. With the newly designed PEPP program, however, it reserves more flexibility here.

The ECB could come under pressure to justify itself

Should the ECB send a clear signal this week that it could decide to increase its purchase program as early as December, tensions in the Council could increase again. Bundesbank President Jens Weidmann, for example, recently warned that the emergency program should not become permanent.

Because the PEPP program is only intended as a temporary reaction to the corona crisis. So the question arises as to how long it can run at all. If there is a vaccine soon, the economy could normalize quickly. However, it is also conceivable that the economic effects of the crisis will last much longer.

If the fall in inflation is a longer-term phenomenon, it would be more difficult for the ECB to justify extending the PEPP further and further. If it runs out, however, there is a risk of a cliff effect: the sudden end of purchases would bring the current high level to zero in one fell swoop. That would probably put the bond markets under stress. Therefore, the older PSPP program could be the more appropriate tool to respond.

ING economist Brzeski therefore expects the ECB to expand the older PSPP program in December. Mark Wall, European chief economist at Deutsche Bank, expects a combination, i.e. an expansion of the old and new purchasing program. However, he points out that in view of the increasing risks posed by the pandemic, it is also possible that the PEPP program will be extended until the end of 2021. This would postpone the problem of a cliff effect after the program expired.

More: How much should the ECB promote green bonds?


Formula 1: Lewis Hamilton wins in Portugal and overtakes Michael Schumacher

The record stretched out its arms to him, he did not let his chance pass. Again huge favorite of the Portuguese Grand Prix, Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes) won the 92 on Sundaye victory of his career in Formula 1, thus beating the number of successes of Michael Schumacher.

The Briton also consolidates his lead in the world championship where he aims for a 7e title that would allow him to equal the record also set by the legendary German driver.

“I have not yet had time to really think about it, I am still mentally in the race”, reacted hot Hamilton, questioned on the importance of being now, at 35, the absolute record holder of victories in F1. “I owe it to the people at the factory who keep innovating and working,” added the British champion, who has won five of his six world titles with Mercedes.

Hamilton took the lead in the 20e lap passing his teammate Valtteri Bottas, who finally finished 2e, as often, and never let go despite uncertain weather enamelled with a few drops of rain and strong gusts. “It was tough today, but it was above all a question of temperatures”, underlined the winner while the pilots had to manage the wear of their tires in addition to their difficult warming up, on the asphalt. nine from Portimao.

Read also October 22, 1989. The day when the rivalry between Senna and Prost in F1 explodes

Dutchman Max Verstappen (Red Bull) finished 3e, and therefore still on the podium, as every time he does not give up in 2020, ahead of Monegasque Charles Leclerc (Ferrari) 4e.

TV criticism Anne Will: Corona fight and infection numbers

MSometimes pictures say louder than words – even if it is not the horror paintings that particularly eager contemporaries like to paint on their virtual canvases. Last night it was the pictures during the credits of “Anne Will”. The guests got up and started talking, even without the minimum distance of 150 cm. This has not gone unnoticed by many viewers and has been lively commented on on social networks. The tenor can be summarized as follows: In this special edition about the infection process, the guests talk about keeping their distance and reducing social contacts, but then immediately forget about it. There were also somewhat more impolite formulations.

But “nothing completely straight can be made out of crooked wood as what man is made of.” The quote comes from Immanuel Kant and has become a household word in the German-speaking world. This insight into one’s own inadequacy was of course not the focus of the comments, after all, everyone just wants to unmask each other’s inadequacy. Despite everything, the risk of infection in the television studio was manageable. Closed rooms without adequate ventilation are still regarded as the most important source of infection, but require the presence of a highly infectious person.

From the practice of a health department

Aerosols also do not pay attention to the minimum distance because they tend to spread throughout the room. And those present would have had at least sixty minutes in the studio to inhale the viral load of a possibly infectious person. The virologist and entrepreneur Helga Rübsamen-Schaeff, among others, pointed out this fact. But why she feared infection in a pedestrian zone if she just passed another passer-by remained a mystery. If even such fleeting encounters were at risk of infection, we really would no longer have to worry about the health authorities’ contact tracing: it would simply be impossible. Kaschlin Butt expressed their problems well. The head of the health department in Wiesbaden not only spoke of the delay in notifying those affected. In the meantime, they should also notify possible contact persons themselves, because their office could no longer do that.

The criticism of the credits was not about the epidemiological risks in Anne Will’s television studio, but about the associated symbolism. Which, in turn, was the appropriate comment on the show. After all, Armin Laschet (CDU) had justified the rejection of the CDU party congress for the election of a new party chairman with the associated symbolism. He did not consider the planned hygiene concept to be inadequate, but rather such a face-to-face event in the current situation as not communicable. How would you explain that to the people when a funeral with only ten mourners is allowed at the same time, said the Prime Minister from Düsseldorf. However, the mourners at funerals could also be accorded the same sense of responsibility as the CDU party congress delegates. Just as an idea.